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  » Appendix XIV
  » Appendix XV
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  » Appendix XVIII
Warren Commission Report
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Letter of TransmittalPage vii
 
ForewordPage ix
The Commission and its powersPage x
The InvestigationPage xi
Commission HearingsPage xiii
The Commission's FunctionPage xiv
The Commission's ReportPage xv
 
ContentsPage xvii
 
CHAPTER I - Summary and ConclusionsPage 1
NARRATIVE OF EVENTSPage 1
CONCLUSIONSPage 18
RECOMMENDATIONSPage 25
 
CHAPTER II - THE ASSASSINATIONPage 28
PLANNING THE TEXAS TRIPPage 28
ADVANCE PREPARATIONS FOR THE DALLAS TRIPPage 29
Preventive Intelligence ActivitiesPage 29
The Luncheon SitePage 30
The Motorcade RoutePage 31
DALLAS BEFORE THE VISITPage 40
VISITS TO OTHER TEXAS CITIESPage 42
ARRIVAL AT LOVE FIELDPage 42
ORGANIZATION OF THE MOTORCADEPage 43
THE DRIVE THROUGH DALLASPage 46
THE ASSASSINATIONPage 48
The TimePage 48
Speed of the LimousinePage 49
In the Presidential LimousinePage 49
Reaction by Secret Service AgentsPage 50
PARKLAND MEMORIAL HOSPITALPage 52
The Race to the HospitalPage 52
Treatment of President KennedyPage 53
Treatment of Governor ConnallyPage 56
Vice President Johnson at ParklandPage 56
Secret Service Emergency Security ArrangementsPage 57
Removal of the President's BodyPage 58
THE END OF THE TRIPPage 59
Swearing in of the New PresidentPage 59
Return to Washington, D.C.Page 59
The AutopsyPage 59
 
CHAPTER III - The Shots From the Texas School Book DepositoryPage 61
THE WITNESSESPage 61
Near the DepositoryPage 63
On the Fifth FloorPage 68
At the Triple UnderpassPage 71
THE PRESIDENTIAL AUTOMOBILEPage 76
EXPERT EXAMINATION OF RIFLE, CARTRIDGE CASES, AND BULLET FRAGMENTSPage 79
Discovery of Cartridge Cases and RiflePage 79
Discovery of Bullet at Parkland HospitalPage 79
Description of RiflePage 81
Expert TestimonyPage 84
THE BULLET WOUNDSPage 85
The President's Head WoundsPage 86
The President's Neck WoundsPage 87
The Governor's WoundsPage 92
THE TRAJECTORYPage 96
Films and TestsPage 96
The First Bullet That HitPage 97
The Subsequent Bullet That HitPage 109
NUMBER OF SHOTSPage 110
THE SHOT THAT MISSEDPage 111
The First ShotPage 111
The Second ShotPage 115
The Third ShotPage 115
TIME SPAN OF SHOTSPage 117
CONCLUSIONPage 117
 
CHAPTER IV - The AssassinPage 118
OWNERSHIP AND POSSESSION OF ASSASSINATION WEAPONPage 118
Purchase of Rifle by OswaldPage 118
Oswald's Palmprint on Rifle BarrelPage 122
Fibers on RiflePage 124
Photograph of Oswald With RiflePage 125
Rifle Among Oswald's PossessionsPage 128
ConclusionPage 129
THE RIFLE IN THE BUILDINGPage 129
The Curtain Rod StoryPage 129
The Missing RiflePage 130
The Long and Bulky PackagePage 131
Location of BagPage 134
Scientific Evidence Linking Rifle and Oswald to Paper BagPage 135
ConclusionPage 137
OSWALD AT WINDOWPage 137
Palmprints and Fingerprints on Cartons and Paper BagPage 140
Oswald's Presence on Sixth Floor Approximately 35 Minutes Before the AssassinationPage 143
Eyewitness Identification of AssassinPage 143
Oswald's Actions in Building After AssassinationPage 149
ConclusionPage 156
THE KILLING OF PATROLMAN J. D. TIPPITPage 156
Oswald's Movements After Leaving Depository BuildingPage 157
Description of ShootingPage 165
EyewitnessesPage 166
Murder WeaponPage 171
Ownership of RevolverPage 172
Oswald's JacketPage 175
ConclusionPage 176
OSWALD'S ARRESTPage 176
STATEMENTS OF OSWALD DURING DETENTIONPage 180
Denial of Rifle OwnershipPage 180
The RevolverPage 181
The Aliases "Hidell" and "O. H. Lee"Page 181
The Curtain Rod StoryPage 182
Actions During and After ShootingPage 182
PRIOR ATTEMPT TO KILLPage 183
The Attempt on the Life of Maj. Gen. Edwin A. WalkerPage 183
Richard M. Nixon IncidentPage 187
OSWALD'S RIFLE CAPABILITYPage 189
The Nature of the ShotsPage 189
Oswald's Marine TrainingPage 191
Oswald's Rifle Practice Outside the MarinesPage 192
Accuracy of WeaponPage 193
ConclusionPage 195
CONCLUSIONPage 195
 
CHAPTER V - Detention and Death of OswaldPage 196
TREATMENT OF OSWALD IN CUSTODYPage 196
ChronologyPage 198
Interrogation SessionsPage 199
Oswald's Legal RightsPage 200
ACTIVITY OF NEWSMENPage 201
On the Third FloorPage 201
Oswald and the PressPage 206
THE ABORTIVE TRANSFERPage 208
POSSIBLE ASSISTANCE TO JACK RUBY IN ENTERING THE BASEMENTPage 216
ADEQUACY OF SECURITY PRECAUTIONSPage 225
NEWS COVERAGE AND POLICE POLICYPage 231
RESPONSIBILITY OF NEWS MEDIAPage 240
 
CHAPTER VI - Investigation of Possible ConspiracyPage 243
CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THE ASSASSINATIONPage 245
Selection of Motorcade RoutePage 245
Oswald's Presence in the Depository BuildingPage 246
Bringing Rifle Into BuildingPage 247
Accomplices at the Scene of the AssassinationPage 248
Oswald's EscapePage 252
BACKGROUND OF LEE HARVEY OSWALDPage 254
Residence in the Soviet UnionPage 254
Associations in the Dallas-Fort Worth CommunityPage 280
Political Activities Upon Return to the United StatesPage 287
Contacts With the Cuban and Soviet Embassies in Mexico City and the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C.Page 299
Investigation of Other ActivitiesPage 312
Oswald Was Not an Agent for the U.S. GovernmentPage 325
Oswald's FinancesPage 328
POSSIBLE CONSPIRACY INVOLVING JACK RUBYPage 333
Ruby's Activities From November 21 to November 24, 1963Page 333
Ruby and Oswald Were Not AcquaintedPage 359
Ruby's Background and AssociationsPage 365
CONCLUSIONPage 374
 
CHAPTER VII - Lee Harvey Oswald: Background and Possible MotivesPage 375
The Early YearsPage 377
New York CityPage 378
Return to New Orleans and Joining the Marine CorpsPage 383
Interest in MarxismPage 388
Defection to the Soviet UnionPage 390
Return to the United StatesPage 394
Personal RelationsPage 400
EmploymentPage 402
Attack on General WalkerPage 404
Political ActivitiesPage 406
Interest in CubaPage 412
Possible Influence of Anti-Kennedy Sentiment in DallasPage 415
Relationship With WifePage 416
The Unanswered QuestionsPage 421
ConclusionPage 423
 
CHAPTER VIII - The Protection of the PresidentPage 425
THE NATURE OF THE PROTECTIVE ASSIGNMENTPage 426
EVALUATION OF PRESIDENTIAL PROTECTION AT THE TIME OF THE ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT KENNEDYPage 428
Intelligence Functions Relating to Presidential Protection at the Time of the Dallas TripPage 429
Liaison With Other Government AgenciesPage 444
Other Protective Measures and Aspects of Secret Service PerformancePage 444
RECOMMENDATIONSPage 454
Assassination a Federal CrimePage 454
Committee of Cabinet OfficersPage 456
Responsibilities for Presidential ProtectionPage 457
General Supervision of the Secret ServicePage 460
Preventive IntelligencePage 461
Liaison With Local Law Enforcement AgenciesPage 465
Manpower and Technical Assistance From Other AgenciesPage 467
CONCLUSIONPage 468
 
APPENDIX IPage 471
 
APPENDIX IIPage 472
 
APPENDIX IIIPage 473
 
APPENDIX IV - Biographical Information and AcknowledgmentsPage 475
MEMBERS OF COMMISSIONPage 475
GENERAL COUNSELPage 476
ASSISTANT COUNSELPage 476
STAFF MEMBERSPage 479
AcknowledgmentsPage 481
 
APPENDIX V - List of WitnessesPage 483
 
APPENDIX VI - Commission Procedures for the Taking of TestimonyPage 501
RESOLUTION GOVERNING QUESTIONING OF WITNESSES BY MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION STAFFPage 501
RESOLUTIONPage 502
 
APPENDIX VII - A Brief History of Presidential ProtectionPage 504
BEFORE THE CIVIL WARPage 504
LINCOLNPage 505
THE NEED FOR PROTECTION FURTHER DEMONSTRATEDPage 507
DEVELOPMENT OF PRESIDENTIAL PROTECTIONPage 510
 
APPENDIX VIII - Medical Reports From Doctors at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Tex.Page 516
COMMISSION EXHIBIT NO. 392Page 516
 
APPENDIX IX - Autopsy Report and Supplemental ReportPage 538
COMMISSION EXHIBIT No. 387Page 538
COMMISSION EXHIBIT NO. 391Page 544
 
APPENDIX X - Expert TestimonyPage 547
FIREARMS AND FIREARMS IDENTIFICATIONPage 547
General PrinciplesPage 547
The RiflePage 553
Rifle Cartridge and Cartridge CasesPage 555
The Rifle BulletsPage 557
The RevolverPage 558
Revolver Cartridges and Cartridge CasesPage 559
Revolver BulletsPage 559
The Struggle for the RevolverPage 560
The Paraffin TestPage 560
The Walker BulletPage 562
FINGERPRINTS AND PALMPRINTSPage 563
General PrinciplesPage 563
Objects in the Texas School Book Depository BuildingPage 565
QUESTIONED DOCUMENTSPage 566
The Mail Order for the C2766 Rifle, the Related Envelope, and the Money OrderPage 569
Mail Order for the V510210 RevolverPage 570
Post Office Box Applications and Change-of-Address CardPage 570
The Spurious Selective Service System Notice of Classification and U.S. Marine Corps Certificate of ServicePage 571
The Hidell Notice of ClassificationPage 571
The Hidell Certificate of ServicePage 576
The Vaccination CertificatePage 577
The Fair Play for Cuba Committee CardPage 578
The Unsigned Russian-Language NotePage 578
The Homemade Wrapping Paper BagPage 579
WOUND BALLISTICS EXPERIMENTSPage 580
Purpose of the TestsPage 580
The Testers and Their QualificationsPage 580
General Testing ConditionsPage 581
Tests on Penetration Power and Bullet StabilityPage 581
Tests Simulating President Kennedy's Neck WoundPage 582
Tests Simulating Governor Connally's Chest WoundsPage 582
Tests Simulating Governor Connally's Wrist WoundsPage 583
Conclusions From Simulating the Neck, Chest, and Wrist WoundsPage 584
Tests Simulating President Kennedy's Head WoundsPage 585
HAIRS AND FIBERSPage 586
General PrinciplesPage 588
PHOTOGRAPHSPage 592
 
APPENDIX XI - Reports Relating to the Interrogation of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Dallas Police DepartmentPage 598
REPORT OF CAPT. J. W. FRITZ, DALLAS POLICE DEPARTMENTPage 599
REPORTS OF AGENTS OF THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATIONPage 612
REPORTS OF INSPECTOR THOMAS J. KELLEY, U.S. SECRET SERVICEPage 626
REPORT OF U.S. POSTAL INSPECTOR H. D. HOLMESPage 633
 
APPENDIX XII - Speculations and RumorsPage 637
THE SOURCE OF THE SHOTSPage 639
THE ASSASSINPage 642
OSWALD'S MOVEMENTS BETWEEN 12:33 AND 1:15 P.M.Page 648
MURDER OF TIPPITPage 650
OSWALD AFTER HIS ARRESTPage 654
OSWALD IN THE SOVIET UNIONPage 655
OSWALD'S TRIP TO MEXICO CITYPage 658
OSWALD AND U.S. GOVERNMENT AGENCIESPage 659
CONSPIRATORIAL RELATIONSHIPSPage 661
OTHER RUMORS AND SPECULATIONSPage 664
 
APPENDIX XIII - Biography of Lee Harvey OswaldPage 669
EARLY YEARSPage 669
MARINESPage 681
SOVIET UNIONPage 689
FORT WORTH, DALLAS, NEW ORLEANSPage 713
MEXICO CITYPage 730
DALLASPage 737
 
APPENDIX XIV - Analysis of Lee Harvey Oswald's Finances From June 13, 1962, Through November 22, 1963Page 741
 
APPENDIX XV - Transactions Between Lee Harvey Oswald and Marina Oswald, and the U.S. Department of State and the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the U.S. Department of JusticePage 746
ISSUANCE OF PASSPORT IN 1959Page 746
OSWALD'S ATTEMPTS TO RENOUNCE HIS U.S. CITIZENSHIPPage 747
RETURN AND RENEWAL OF OSWALD'S 1959 PASSPORTPage 752
Negotiations Between Oswald and the EmbassyPage 752
Legal Justification for the Return and Reissue of Oswald's PassportPage 759
AUTHORIZATION FOR MARINA OSWALD TO ENTER THE UNITED STATESPage 761
Negotiations Between Oswald and the EmbassyPage 761
Legal Justification for the Decisions Affecting Marina OswaldPage 766
OSWALD'S LETTER TO SENATOR TOWERPage 769
THE LOAN FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENTPage 770
OSWALD'S RETURN TO THE UNITED STATES AND REPAYMENT OF HIS LOANPage 773
ISSUANCE OF A PASSPORT IN JUNE 1963Page 773
VISIT TO THE RUSSIAN EMBASSY IN MEXICO CITYPage 777
CONCLUSIONPage 777
 
APPENDIX XVI - A Biography of Jack RubyPage 779
FAMILY BACKGROUNDPage 779
CHILDHOOD AND YOUTH (1911-33)Page 780
Psychiatric ReportPage 781
Placement in Foster HomesPage 782
Subsequent Home LifePage 783
EducationPage 784
ActivitiesPage 784
TemperamentPage 785
YOUNG MANHOOD (1933-43)Page 786
San Francisco (1933-37)Page 786
Occupations and ActivitiesPage 786
Chicago (1937-43)Page 787
MILITARY ACTIVITIES (1943-46)Page 790
POSTWAR CHICAGO (1946-47)Page 791
DALLAS (1947-63)Page 793
The Move to DallasPage 793
The Change of NamePage 793
Nightclub OperationsPage 794
Employee RelationshipsPage 796
Financial Data and Tax ProblemsPage 797
Other Business VenturesPage 799
Arrests and ViolationsPage 800
Police AssociationsPage 800
Underworld TiesPage 801
TravelsPage 801
CHARACTER AND INTERESTSPage 802
Family RelationshipsPage 802
Social RelationshipsPage 803
Affection for DogsPage 804
Religious InterestsPage 804
Physical Activities and ViolencePage 804
Generosity to Friends and the Need for RecognitionPage 806
 
APPENDIX XVII - Polygraph Examination of Jack RubyPage 807
PRELIMINARY ARRANGEMENTSPage 807
ADMINISTRATION OF THE TESTPage 809
INTERPRETATION OF THE TESTPage 813
 
APPENDIX XVIII - NOTES TO PAGES IX-39Page 817
FootnotesPage 817
IndexPage 880

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